RAAF reduces time on ground with digital shape sampling and processing (DSSP)
The RAAF contacted Wysiwyg 3D Pty Ltd to help streamline the repair process. Wysiwyg’s solution included a Platinum seven-axis FARO (www.faro.com) arm 3d laser scanner, Geomagic Studio and Geomagic Qualify (www.geomagic.com) digital shape sampling and processing (DSSP) software. Now the repair procedure takes only two to three days
The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) operates 71 FA-18s from a number of bases throughout Australia. As part of on-going maintenance, these air-craft are inspected for cracking of structural components in the wings, and damaged aircraft are grounded until repairs are made. The standard repair for these cracks is a stainless steel doubler fitting that is riveted into place, bridging the crack.
Repair process shortened
The traditional repair process required that an impression of the area be made using dental putty. Then the machinists in the 381 Expeditionary Combat Support Squadron – Mechanical Engineering Operations Manage-ment Section (381 ECSS -MEOMS) of the RAAF would measure the mold with calipers and create a 3D CAD model that was exported to computer-ized numerical control (CNC) milling machines
The fit tolerance required for the doubler fitting is within 0.25mm (0.010 inch). The machinists were able to achieve these results, but it was taking up to six weeks, and the process resulted in multiple rejected samples. This led to the grounding of several aircraft for extended periods of time.
“The RAAF needed a solution that was both portable and highly accurate,” says Shane Rolton, managing director of Wysiwyg 3D Pty Ltd. “These tools provide the RAAF with great flexibility to support whatever job it needs to do in-house or in the field.”
The modified process still involves structural engineers making a mold of the damaged section with dental putty. The mold is then shipped to a regional machine shop and 3D scanned using the FARO scanner. The scanner interfaces directly with Geomagic Studio, so scan results are immediately visible on-screen. Scanning time is less than five minutes.
Machinists then process the data in Geomagic Studio, which cleans up the scan data and automatically generates an accurate NURBS surface.
The IGES model from Geomagic Studio is exported to Mastercam V10 (www.mastercam.com) machining software, where a standard bracket de-sign is adapted to reflect the scanned model geometry and numerical con-trol (NC) codes are generated to machine the bracket as a first-fit sample in aluminum. The turnaround time from the dental mold entering the ma-chine shop to the first-fit sample is less than 24 hours.
“Geomagic Studio is a great match for our mechanical approach,” says Corporal Greg Gannaway, a machinist with the 381 ECSS-MEOMS.
“Our brackets contain flat planes, joggles and intersecting radii, and the software’s workflow results in fast surfacing and even faster modifications in Mastercam.”
“We’ve had great success with the new process,” says Rolton. “Eventually the RAAF machinists want to scan the aircraft itself, eliminating the need for the dental putty mold and increasing the on-location capabilities.”
With the portability of the FARO system, the speed of Geomagic Studio, and the inspection reporting of Geomagic Qualify, the ma-chinists of the MEOMS section will one day make repairs in even less time and with more accuracy, ensuring that the Australian Air-craft Fleet spends minimum time on the ground.
Photo: Surfacing Accuracy Report